Types of Traumatic Brain Injuries


Sometimes brain damage can result depending on the impact of the injury. Most people can fully recover from a traumatic brain injury within just a matter of days. However, more extreme brain injuries can cause permanent brain damage or may even be fatal. Continue reading to learn about the different types of traumatic brain injuries and how an attorney can help you.

Types of Traumatic Brain Injuries

Here are several types of traumatic brain injuries:


Concussions are considered to be the most common type of TBI. Concussions can occur following a strong blow to the head. This causes the brain to move in various directions causing it to strikes your skull. This can cause damage to your brain. Concussion symptoms may be mild or severe, and in some cases can cause long-term challenges.

Brain Hemorrhage

Brain hemorrhages are known as unrestricted bleeding on the brain. The bleeding can occur either within the brain tissue or on the outside of the brain. Depending on where the bleeding occurs, they may be considered subarachnoid hemorrhages or intracerebral hemorrhages.


Contusions usually occur alongside a concussion. Contusions are bruising on the brain and can cause bleeding. Contusions usually heal on their own. However, if they do not heal, it can cause a hematoma to form which can be taken out via surgery. Contusions can cause severe damage to the brain depending on the location and size.

Intracranial Hematoma

Hematomas are clusters of blood on the surface of blood vessels. Hematomas that are large can cause severe injuries or may even be fatal if not treated promptly. Brain hematomas can be classified as any of the following:

  • Subdural hematomas
  • Epidural hematomas
  • Intracerebral hematomas

It’s possible for a hematoma to not develop until days or even weeks following an injury. Individuals that experience a hematoma may have symptoms such as severe headaches, vomiting, slurred speech, and uneven pupil sizes.

Diffuse Axonal Injury

These are known to be one of the most extreme types of TBIs. They can happen if the brain is twisted or shaken. The shaking and twisting of the brain can cause tears known as axonal shearing. This can impact messages that are sent between neurons in the brain. As a result, it can cause severe damage.

It can be difficult for doctors to detect axonal injuries on MRIs since they are microscopic.

Second Impact Syndrome

Second impact syndrome is also known as recurrent traumatic brain injuries. This type of injury usually happens shortly after the first brain injury. However, the second brain injury results in more devastating damage than the first one. If you experience any type of blow to your head following your first one, you should seek medical attention immediately.

Hiring a Brain Injury Attorney

TBIs are among the worst type of injury that a person can endure. If you suffered a traumatic brain injury, you should contact an attorney so he or she can process a claim on your behalf. They will also work to ensure you receive a nice settlement. If you’ve suffered a traumatic brain injury, you may need a brain injury attorney. Two of the top causes of TBIs are car accidents and falls.

The goal of a traumatic brain injury attorney is to gather medical information in relation to the treatment you’ve received. They will assess all information given to them and, if necessary, speak with your doctor if more information is needed.

Your attorney will face the insurance company of both parties. This ensures that the claim is processed in a reasonable amount of time. This also ensures that the individual that has suffered from the injury receives the most out of a settlement that is available to them.

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